Everything You Need to Know About the Bokashi Composting System
Composting has become increasingly popular in recent years as people become more aware of the environmental impacts of waste disposal and the benefits of organic recycling. One composting system that has gained attention is the Bokashi composting system. This unique method allows individuals to compost all types of food waste, including meat, dairy, and cooked foods, in a convenient and odorless way.
What is Bokashi composting?
Bokashi composting is an anaerobic fermentation process that breaks down organic waste using beneficial microorganisms. It originated in Japan and has been used for centuries to recycle food waste. The word “bokashi” means “fermented organic matter” in Japanese.
How does the Bokashi composting system work?
The Bokashi composting system involves a two-step process. First, food scraps and other organic waste are placed in an airtight container, such as a bucket or bin. These waste materials are then layered with a Bokashi bran, which contains a mixture of microorganisms such as lactobacillus and yeast. These microorganisms help break down the organic matter by fermenting it.
As the food waste decomposes, a dark, foul-smelling liquid called Bokashi juice is produced. This liquid can be drained off periodically and diluted with water to create a nutrient-rich liquid fertilizer for plants.
The second step involves burying the fermented waste in the garden or adding it to an outdoor compost bin. The fermented waste should not be used directly in gardens or potted plants, as it can be too acidic initially. Instead, it should be allowed to undergo further decomposition, either in a compost pile or in the soil.
Benefits of the Bokashi composting system
1. Ability to compost all types of food waste: Unlike traditional composting, which excludes meat, dairy, and cooked food, the Bokashi composting system allows for the composting of all food waste. This includes leftovers, bones, and even pet waste.
2. Odorless and pest-free process: Since the Bokashi system is anaerobic, it does not produce the same pungent smells as traditional composting methods. Additionally, the airtight container used in the process keeps pests and insects out.
3. Speed of decomposition: The Bokashi composting system can break down food waste in just a few weeks, compared to the several months or years required for conventional composting.
4. Nutrient-rich fertilizer: The Bokashi juice produced during the fermentation process is a highly concentrated liquid fertilizer that can be easily diluted and used to nourish plants both indoors and outdoors.
Tips for successful Bokashi composting
– Use a dedicated Bokashi composting bin or bucket with an airtight lid to ensure an anaerobic environment.
– Drain off the Bokashi juice regularly to prevent the waste from becoming too acidic.
– Layer the waste and Bokashi bran in the container and press it down to remove any air pockets.
– Keep the container in a cool place, away from direct sunlight and extreme temperatures.
– Bury the fermented waste at least 8 inches deep in the soil or add it to an outdoor compost bin for further decomposition.
– Avoid composting non-organic materials like plastic or metal, as they will not break down in the Bokashi system.
The Bokashi composting system offers an efficient and convenient way to compost all types of food waste. By utilizing beneficial microorganisms, it breaks down organic matter quickly, produces valuable liquid fertilizer, and prevents unwanted odors and pests. Consider adopting this eco-friendly method to reduce waste and contribute to a greener future.